Zambia nation profile
Zambia, not like most of its neighbours, has managed to keep away from the conflict and upheaval that has marked a lot of Africa’s post-colonial historical past, incomes itself a fame for political stability.
The landlocked nation has skilled fast financial progress over the past decade as Africa’s second largest copper producer after the DR Congo. However its over-reliance on copper has made it susceptible to falling commodity costs.
Zambia additionally has one of many world’s quickest rising populations with the UN projecting that its inhabitants will triple by 2050.
However financial progress and big Chinese language funding have failed to enhance the lives of most Zambians, with two-thirds nonetheless dwelling in poverty.
President-elect: Hakainde Hichilema
Hakainde Hichilema received a landslide victory over the incumbent president, Edgar Lungu, within the August 2021 elections.He’s the primary president elected from the liberal opposition United Get together for Nationwide Growth, having stood for the publish various instances earlier than.
Mr Lungu struggled to revive an economic system hit by a stoop within the worth of copper, and defaulted on Zambia’s worldwide money owed in the course of the Covid-19 disaster.
His dependence on Chinese language funding was controversial, and Mr Hilichema has stated he’ll search broader overseas funding.President Lungu additionally turned much less tolerant of opposition and ordered the arrest of Mr Hilichema on treason costs in 2017, sparking criticism at residence and overseas.
Radio is the primary news supply. State-run ZNBC operates alongside non-public stations.
The federal government makes use of monetary pretexts or legal guidelines on defamation to prosecute journalists, says Reporters With out Borders.
Some key dates in Zambia’s historical past:
1889 – Britain establishes management over Northern Rhodesia.
1960 – Independence battle: Kenneth Kaunda launches United Nationwide Independence Get together (UNIP).
1964 – Independence: Northern Rhodesia renamed Zambia, President Kaunda guidelines for subsequent 27 years.
1972 – One-party state: Kaunda’s UNIP turns into the one authorized get together till 1991.
1991 – First multi-party elections in 23 years, Frederick Chiluba’s Motion for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) wins.
1997 – Tried coup. Former President Kaunda is arrested however later walks free.
2001 – President Chiluba steps down over opposition to his bid to run for an unconstitutional third time period.
2021 – Opposition chief Hakainde Hilichema wins landslide in presidential election.