Appendicitis – Things You Need to Know
Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix- a pouch present at the lower right side of the abdomen. It is often a medical emergency that needs urgent surgery. The healthcare provider would remove it surgically, a procedure is known as appendectomy. The good news is that the removal of the appendix would not affect your health. You can live fine even without it.
The pain of appendicitis occurs at the right lower side of the abdomen. In some people, it may start from the navel and may proceed towards the right lower side of the abdomen. Appendicitis can occur at any age, but most commonly, it occurs in people between the age of 10 to 30. Surgery is the standard treatment of appendicitis. If you have pain in the lower side of the abdomen, you should visit the general surgeon in Lahore.
What are the Symptoms of Appendicitis?
The signs and symptoms of appendicitis are;
A sudden pain that starts on the lower right side of the abdomen or may start around your navel and often shifts to your lower right abdomen.
- Pain that worsens upon coughing, walking, or making movements
- Nausea and vomiting
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Abdominal bloating
- Loss of appetite
- Low-grade fever that may worsen as the illness progresses
During pregnancy, appendicitis may cause pain in the upper region of the abdomen because it is placed higher at that time. The severity and site of pain may vary from person to person, depending on their age.
What are the Causes of Appendicitis?
Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix that can occur due to any infection. Bacteria invade the appendix, multiply there in number, increasing the bacterial load and causing the appendix to become swollen, filled with pus. If left untreated, appendicitis can become life-threatening as it can rupture.
Appendix blockage can occur due to other reasons too, resulting in its inflammation. It can occur due to factors like;
- a buildup of hardened stool
- traumatic injury
- enlarged lymphoid follicles
- intestinal worms
What is the Treatment for Appendicitis?
The standard treatment of appendicitis is surgery, the removal of the appendix- known as appendectomy. The healthcare provider surgically removes your appendix as soon as possible, considering it as medical urgency. If you have an abscess, they may drain the fluid and then remove the appendix. However, in some cases, giving antibiotics can help reduce the pain and inflammation of the appendix.
What are the Complications of Appendicitis?
If left untreated, an inflamed appendix may rupture, causing a bacterial spill into the abdominal cavity that holds the liver, intestine, and stomach. This can, in turn, lead to peritonitis- inflammation of the peritoneal cavity- a deadly condition if not treated with strong antibiotics promptly.
What is the Prevention Tip for Appendicitis?
As such, there is no prevention tip for appendicitis. But it is less common in people who eat fruits and vegetables- rich in fiber.
Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix. You can expect a healthy life even without it. You should not delay the surgery if you are already diagnosed with appendicitis. If left untreated, it can rupture- leading to a life-threatening situation. Pain in the right side of the lower abdomen is the characteristic symptom of appendicitis. If you have the same complaint, you should visit the general surgeon in Islamabad.